Where are the birds accomodated?
After the import, we keep the birds in two quarantine rooms under special conditions, which are required by the strict veterinary requirements and for the welfare of the birds. They are accomodated in aviaries and cages.
There are wet towels hung on the walls of cages, to increase the humidity, and to provide to birds the feeling of safe shelter.
How do you deal with hygiene?
Hygiene is important aspect of quarantine; the air is cleaned by germicide lamp, which is used in hospitals. We are cautious to avoid any places where bacteria and mould might grow; the cages have wiremesh bottoms, the mess falls through onto carboard paper, which is being changed regularly.
What is the temperature in the quarantine rooms?
In the first days after arrival, the temperature was 26-28°C during the day, 22-24°C at night; after 2-3 weeks, we decreased to 24-26°C at day and around 22°C at night.
What kind of water is used?
All the water used for bathing, drinking and preparation of food, has the quality of water for infants.
The birds take bath in low dishes with water or weak cammomille tea, and we spray them with water. During the first part of quarantine time, we added 2 ml Enrogal into 1 lietr of water and 1 ml/1 liter of nectar.
Have you met any problems during the quarantine?
There have not appeared any health problems nor clinical signs of worse health condition (e.g. skinnies, diarrhoea, eventually death).
The only problem which we have been facing, it is aggressivity of some species, connected with interest for breeding, and fight for territoria.
Do they show interest for breeding even after the transport?
Approx. after a week, the euphonia showed breeding behaviour, the females are active; a female was offering mealworm to a male; a female wiggled with her raised tail towards a male; a female carried a grass fibre and showed to another bird. After a few days, this activity grew into aggressivity among females;
but quarantine is not a good place for breeding, we will put them into pairs in zoopark.
Therefore, we separated females to a far end of the room; the upset males reacted with intensive singing.
Some other birds show interest to breed, too; a few dominant females of manakins pulled feathers on nape of other females, but no injuries; they try to push them away from males; we have separated these active females with males, and we will provide them space for breeding attempts after the quarantine.
The cotingas were first in group in an aviary; when they sit in pairs, we spred them into cages, each for a pair. The males started to move with their heads up and down, but the females, not having nesting opportunity, do not show an interest. At one pair, the activity increased so much that we split them into neighbour cages for safety.
In order to avoid aggressivity at Dacnis, we have separated the group of males from the group of females, and their cages are far away. The females of Blue dacnis have to be single.
As soon as the quarantine ends, we will move the birds to our facility in Zoopark Zajezd, and we will provide space for breeding to pairs of birds.
What is the food formula?
There are 4 basic items: nectar, fruits, insects, dry food.
Here, we describe the care for birds in quarantine; possibly the methods are going to be changed with progressed experience.
The preparation is easy, using the commercial products of Nekton, Sunbird, Claus; the powder shall be mixed with water in given ratio; the nectar is offered in drinkers for singing birds.
The fruits have to be ripe: pears and apples of sweet brands, banana preferably bio, tomato, papaya, grapes, blackberries, strawberries, seasonal berries; we do not offer sour fruits including citruses, exeptionally very sweet tangerines and oranges can be offered.
Manakins and swallow tanagers show an interest for large pieces of fruit, only if really soft and sweet, and cotingas are not much interested. Manakins need to sit comfortably on pearch or edge of dish when eating fruits.
We remove part of skin of hanged banana; pears and apples are cut into thics slices and hanged on hook.
For smaller birds and swallow tanagers, we cut off the tops of grapes, so that they can reach the flesh of grapes.
Mealworms should be white, or we use little mealworms. We put a few pieces into dish with fruits or with dry food (no need daily).
The birds have available small crickets in plastic boxes, where they can pick up ad libitum; but some species (Silver-beaked tanager) can eat them in unlimited volume, and therefore their daily income shall be regulated.
The crickets have pollard, some egg food, piece of paper cardboard or piece of branch in their box, and they stay there until eaten.
We can offer also other suitable kinds of insects, as an example fruitflies.
Dry food is available for birds ad libitum, in dishes hang on walls of cages.
It consists of pellets for softbills (we use NutriBird F16 of Versele-Laga) and formula for insect-eaters (Orlux Insect Patee of Versele-Laga) in ratio 2:1; swallow tanagers which are more insect-eaters, get the opposite ratio 1:2. For smaller birds (Euphonia, Dacnis, Manakin), we squash the pellets NutriBird F16, or we use smaller size pellets NutriBird Unikomplet, of the same producer Versele-Laga.
How often do you feed them?
The feeding is twice a day: In the morning, the birds get nectar in drinkers and clean dishes with water or weak cammomile tea, for bath and drink.
In the afternoon, we remove nectar, and only the Honeycreepers get a new portion of nectar; so that honecreepers have nectar all-day available, and other birds only such an amount which is used in several hours.
All birds get fruits, in pieced hang on wall of cage, or cut into little pieces in a dish.
As said above, cotingas and manakins get always a dish of cut fruits.
n the afternoon, we change water in dishes, remove drinkers with nectar; only honecreepers get new one.
We offer apples (a suitable brand is Golden Delicious – apples last better till next morning, than other kinds of fruits): for Cotingas and Swallow tanagers, apples in dish cut in cubers; for Manakins, either little cubes, or shredded; for Honeycreepers, apple fine shredded. Other species get s slice of apple, hang on a hook near to a perch.